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Decentralizing a local network

If your goal is to have a local network that closely resembles the public ICON chain and use it for testing, it is necessary to activate the ICON Incentive Scoring System (IISS). The IISS activates after the networks achieves decentralization, and in order to do this the following conditions must be met:
  1. 1.
    Number of registered validators (pReps) >= main validator (pRep) count
  2. 2.
    The last main validator's (pRep's) power should be more than totalSupply * 0.2% in power descending order.
  3. 3.
    Revision >= 6
The amount of registered validators and totalSupply can be obtained with the following RPC JSON calls.
$ curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"icx_call","id":121,"params":{"to":"cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000000","dataType":"call","data":{"method":"getPReps"}}} http://localhost:9080/api/v3
$ curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"icx_getTotalSupply","id":0}' http://localhost:9080/api/v3
To get the revision for the IISS the following RPC JSON call can be used:
$ curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"icx_call","id":903,"params":{"to":"cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000001","dataType":"call","data":{"method":"getRevision"}}}' http://localhost:9080/api/v3
The gochain-local repository has a set of predefined wallets and configurations that you can use for this and will make this process more easier.
NOTE: The purpose of this repository is to quickly create an environment for testing, this repository has 5 wallets with their corresponding keystore and passwords openly available on the internet, DO NOT reuse these wallets in any other place.
The process of decentralizing the local multi-node network will comprise the following steps:
  • Start the local network using the compose-multi.yml configuration file.
  • Making RPC calls to one of the nodes in the chain and transfer balance from the “god wallet” (a predefined wallet used to setup the network) to the wallets used on each of the 4 nodes. The keystore file for the “god wallet” can be found on ./data/godWallet.json.
  • Making RPC calls with the registerPrep method to register each node as a validator.
  • Making RPC calls to stake, vote and set up bonds on each validator.

Start the network and the 4 main validators.

Run the validators by executing the following command:
$ docker compose -f compose-multi.yml up -d
Verify that the nodes are running by executing the following command:
$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES
b9ad9c6dc743 goloop/gochain-icon:latest "/entrypoint /bin/sh…" 24 hours ago Up 24 hours 8080/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9081->9080/tcp, :::9081->9080/tcp gochain-local-node1-1
2fab903adca3 goloop/gochain-icon:latest "/entrypoint /bin/sh…" 24 hours ago Up 24 hours 8080/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9080->9080/tcp, :::9080->9080/tcp gochain-local-node0-1
cb22360a34c2 goloop/gochain-icon:latest "/entrypoint /bin/sh…" 24 hours ago Up 24 hours 8080/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9082->9080/tcp, :::9082->9080/tcp gochain-local-node2-1
b72716387812 goloop/gochain-icon:latest "/entrypoint /bin/sh…" 24 hours ago Up 24 hours 8080/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9083->9080/tcp, :::9083->9080/tcp gochain-local-node3-1

Send balance from god wallet to each validator wallet.

At network genesis the entire initial balance is held in the god wallet used to setup the network. Since we are using the gochain-local repo the network also has 4 nodes that are initially unregistered and their wallets hold no balance, so the first thing that we need to do is transfer balance from the god wallet to each of the wallets for the nodes.
The keystore file for the god wallet can be found in data/godWallet.json and the wallets used for each node can be found in the following paths:
data/multi/ks0.json
data/multi/ks1.json
data/multi/ks2.json
data/multi/ks3.json
All the keystore files (wallets) are encrypted with the same password which is gochain.
To transfer balance to each node wallet we need to sign an RPC call using the icx_sendTransaction method. The following curl command shows a transfer of 100.000.000 native coin (ICX) from the god wallet to a node wallet.
In this example, we are using a JSON payload with the following data:
{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": 1,
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"to": "hxce2e00040745ce07a95082a1c1e2ef023d35d742", // address receiving the transfer
"from": "hxb6b5791be0b5ef67063b3c10b840fb81514db2fd", // address making the transfer
"nid": "0x3", // ID for the network as hex value. “0x3” default for local networks
"version": "0x3", // API version
"timestamp": "0x5f53fb7b00c10", // timestamp of the transfer
"stepLimit": "0x7a1200", // maximum fee allowed for the transfer
"value": "0xde0b6b3a7640000", // amount of ICX to transfer converted to loop units
"nonce": "0x1", // An arbitrary number used to prevent transaction hash collision
"signature": "kT4y4NvabHzsn6xSpA/HBxBTueDVFK+JYWQsvvcz6UMvs2yzbl17ooBPLy1sG8nUMoxpYG9SxfsdhvzWEe4J5wA=" // transaction signature
}
}
Execute the following command to make the RPC request using cURL:
$ curl -X POST --data @rpc-data.json http://localhost:9080/api/v3
To transfer to any of the other wallets, replace the “to” address with the wallet address you want to transfer to.

Registering the nodes as validators.

The process of registering a node as a validator requires signing a transaction with the `registerPRep` method, paying 2000 ICX and sending a JSON formatted data with the validator information in the following format:
{
"name": "ABC Node", // Validator name
"country": "KOR", // Validator country ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 formatted
"city": "Seoul", // validator city
"email": "[email protected]", // validator email
"website": "https://abc.example.com/", // validator website
"details": "https://abc.example.com/details/", // validator misc information details
"p2pEndpoint": "abc.example.com:7100", // network info used for connecting among validators
"nodeAddress": "hxe7af5fcfd8dfc67530a01a0e403882687528dfcb", // node public key for consensus
}
RPC JSON example:
{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": 1,
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"to": "cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"from": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc",
"nid": "0x3",
"version": "0x3",
"timestamp": "0x5f4fcf37e1298",
"stepLimit": "0x7a1200",
"value": "0x6c6b935b8bbd400000", // amount of ICX to transfer converted to loop units
"nonce": "0x1",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "registerPRep",
"params": {
"name": "Node0",
"country": "USA",
"city": "Houston",
"email": "[email protected]",
"website": "https://test.com",
"details": "https://test.com/details.json",
"p2pEndpoint": "127.0.0.1:9000",
"nodeAddress": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc"
}
},
"signature": "lxhs/MqRC8ccxjxcVrPujD8gOJFAbVAlwnBBbYA98wdZQgygfV1aVRrfFbPgXj9RTXOvrVGKqTa8lMaRgR6R5wE="
}
}
$ curl -X POST --data @rpc-data.json http://localhost:9080/api/v3
Repeat this process to register all 4 nodes.

Staking native coin (ICX) on each registered node wallet.

After successfully sending balance from god wallet to each of the node wallets and registering the wallets as validators we need to allocate votes to each validator and place the required bond, in order to do this we need to first stake. The following curl command stakes 10.000.000 native coin (ICX) on one of the wallets using the setStake method of the governance contract (the process needs to be done on all 4 validator wallets).
RPC JSON example:
{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": 1,
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"to": "cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"from": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc",
"nid": "0x3",
"version": "0x3",
"timestamp": "0x5f500e34e39a8",
"stepLimit": "0x7a1200",
"nonce": "0x1",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "setStake",
"params": { "value": "0x84595161401484a000000" }
},
"signature": "o8uLrAQqNTTArLUAIQ84usVedT5r67aUocwWF3H0a1ot9YD2TFpbWbNRaOgrNLMLRRc9tiL6eSRYj6JjxfGUHAA="
}
}
$ curl -X POST --data @rpc-data.json http://localhost:9080/api/v3

Self voting on each validator wallet.

For the process of adding votes we are going to self vote an amount of 8.000.000 native coin (ICX) with each wallet by calling the setDelegation of the governance contract using the following curl command.
RPC JSON example:
{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": 1,
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"to": "cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"from": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc",
"nid": "0x3",
"version": "0x3",
"timestamp": "0x5f5015e52b3e0",
"stepLimit": "0x7a1200",
"nonce": "0x1",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "setDelegation",
"params": {
"delegations": [
{
"address": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc",
"value": "0x69e10de76676d08000000"
}
]
}
},
"signature": "hP1GlVec6WFrrVgLFYPNwupHvhOHHVVDVvl0aPVI9xRHnLSIdZstwD6Rk+7GBujnZB8nEh/fWaDsSSxy+hAZPAA="
}
}
$ curl -X POST --data @rpc-data.json http://localhost:9080/api/v3

Placing bond for each validator.

The process of setting up bond on each validator requires the following two steps:
  • Sign a transaction with each validator wallet calling the setBonderList method of the governance contract, to setup which wallets can place bonds for the validator.
  • Place the bond with the wallet that was previously whitelisted in the previous step by signing a transaction calling the setBond method of the governance wallet.

Signing transactions for the setBonderList method.

The following is the curl command to sign a transaction calling the setBonderList method of the governance contract, this process is done with each validator wallet and in this example we are whitelisting the validator public address of each validator to then self bond.
RPC JSON Example:
{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": 1,
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"to": "cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"from": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc",
"nid": "0x3",
"version": "0x3",
"timestamp": "0x5f58c1531b900",
"stepLimit": "0x7a1200",
"nonce": "0x1",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "setBonderList",
"params": { "bonderList": ["hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc"] }
},
"signature": "nq8amjA3fG7o1/ix3dsxVgLJ3tBWJZ5E88B4/Kspl01lagZye66V/8a1/nA5UR1oraxqgc0QoLqWa02TAkYfZQA="
}
}
curl -X POST --data @rpc-data.json http://localhost:9080/api/v3

Signing transactions for the setBond method.

The following is the curl command to sign a transaction calling the setBond method of the governance contract, this process is done with each validator wallet and in this example we are bonding an amount of 1.000.000 native coin (ICX).
RPC JSON example:
{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"id": 1,
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"to": "cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"from": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc",
"nid": "0x3",
"version": "0x3",
"timestamp": "0x5f58c26679370",
"stepLimit": "0x7a1200",
"nonce": "0x1",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "setBond",
"params": {
"bonds": [
{
"address": "hxe9dfcd26dbde32aca8f878c1c4bfd83a0c7f70fc",
"value": "0xd3c21bcecceda1000000"
}
]
}
},
"signature": "W6OhFPH8sEg4t3RHUuAqrHucJ+HOltxjujbHwZKkCnc7CopyAKJN+uFWigPlpekMI5MJ8l6druKR6g5jq8G0eAE="
}
}
curl -X POST --data @rpc-data.json http://localhost:9080/api/v3as

Verify decentralization of the network

After finishing the process of funding the node wallets, registering the wallets as validators, staking, voting and setting up bond you can verify that the network is decentralized by calling the getPReps as following:
{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 365,
"params": {
"to": "cx0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getPReps"
}
}
}
curl -X POST --data @rpc-data.json http://localhost:9080/api/v3

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